LOS ANGELES–KB Home (NYSE: KBH) today reported results for its second quarter ended May 31, 2019. “We are pleased with our second quarter performance, as we made significant progress on our Returns-Focused Growth Plan. Two of the key objectives of this Plan are to grow our business and strengthen our balance sheet. This quarter’s results demonstrate further achievement in both areas, with average community count growth of 17% year over year — our most substantial increase in four years — and a 930-basis point reduction in our debt to capital ratio, to 45.8% over the same period,” said Jeffrey Mezger, chairman, president and chief executive officer.
“Demand for our products was strong at 5.4 net orders per community, per month, keeping pace with the exceptional absorption rate we generated in last year’s second quarter. We were well positioned throughout this Spring selling season, with the ongoing expansion of our community count driving a 15% year-over-year increase in net orders. With net order value up 13% year over year to $1.5 billion, driven by double digit order growth in each of our four regions, and continued year-over-year community count growth anticipated for our third and fourth quarters, we are confident we can produce further improvement in our results in the second half of this year.”
Three Months Ended May 31, 2019 (comparisons on a year-over-year basis)
- Total revenues were $1.02 billion, compared to $1.10 billion.
- Homes delivered increased 2% to 2,768.
- Average selling price decreased 8% to $367,700, mainly due to a shift in the geographic mix of homes delivered and a changing mix of communities within the Company’s West Coast region.
- Homebuilding operating income was $52.1 million, compared to $74.2 million. Homebuilding operating income margin was 5.1%, down 170 basis points. Excluding inventory-related charges of $4.3 million in the quarter and $6.5 million in the year-earlier quarter, this metric was 5.5%, compared to 7.3%.
- Housing gross profit margin increased slightly to 17.2% from 17.1%.
- The housing gross profit margin primarily reflected the favorable impacts of lower amortization of previously capitalized interest and the Company’s adoption of a new accounting standard (ASC 606) in fiscal year 2019, which were offset by pricing pressure on orders in the 2018 fourth quarter and 2019 first quarter due to weaker market conditions during those periods, certain West Coast region communities with relatively high average selling prices and margins having closed out in previous quarters, and reduced operating leverage due to lower housing revenues and higher expenses supporting community count growth.
- Housing gross profit margin excluding inventory-related charges was 17.6%, compared to 17.7%. Adjusted housing gross profit margin, a metric that excludes inventory-related charges and the amortization of previously capitalized interest, was 21.3%, compared to 22.2%.
- Selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of housing revenues were 12.1%, compared to last year’s second quarter record-low ratio of 10.4%, mainly reflecting increased marketing expenses to support new community openings, the Company’s adoption of ASC 606 and reduced operating leverage due to lower housing revenues.
- As a result of its adoption of ASC 606, the Company changed the classification and timing of recognition of certain model complex costs. In the current quarter, these changes favorably impacted the Company’s housing gross profit margin and negatively impacted its selling, general and administrative expense ratio by approximately 80 basis points in each case.
- Housing gross profit margin increased slightly to 17.2% from 17.1%.
- Total pretax income was $56.8 million, compared to $78.3 million.
- The Company’s income tax expense and effective tax rate were $9.3 million and approximately 16%, respectively, which primarily reflected the favorable impacts of $4.3 million of federal energy tax credits the Company earned from building energy-efficient homes and $.9 million of excess tax benefits related to stock-based compensation. Without these items, the Company’s effective tax rate would have approximated 26%.
- For the three months ended May 31, 2018, the Company’s income tax expense and effective tax rate were $21.0 million and approximately 27%, respectively.
- Net income totaled $47.5 million, or $.51 per diluted share, compared to $57.3 million, or $.57 per diluted share.
Six Months Ended May 31, 2019 (comparisons on a year-over-year basis)
- Total revenues were $1.83 billion, compared to $1.97 billion.
- Homes delivered were essentially flat with the year-earlier period at 4,920.
- Average selling price declined 7% to $369,100.
- Homebuilding operating income was $83.4 million, compared to $118.2 million.
- Inventory-related charges totaled $7.9 million, down from $11.5 million.
- Pretax income totaled $91.3 million, compared to $124.4 million.
- The Company’s income tax expense and effective tax rate were $13.8 million and approximately 15%, respectively. For the six months ended May 31, 2018, the Company’s income tax expense of $138.3 million and effective tax rate of approximately 111% primarily reflected a non-cash charge of $111.2 million for the impact of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (“TCJA”). Excluding this charge, the Company’s adjusted income tax expense and adjusted effective tax rate for the 2018 period were $27.1 million and approximately 22%, respectively.
- The year-over-year decrease in the Company’s effective tax rate, excluding the TCJA-related charge in 2018, primarily reflected the favorable impacts in the 2019 period of an increase in federal energy tax credits, a reversal of a deferred tax asset valuation allowance and an increase in excess tax benefits related to stock-based compensation.
- Net income was $77.5 million, or $.82 per diluted share, compared to a net loss of $13.9 million, or $.16 per diluted share in the year-earlier period, which reflected the TCJA-related charge.
Backlog and Net Orders (comparisons on a year-over-year basis)
- Net orders grew by 532, or 15%, to 4,064, with net order value increasing by $170.7 million, or 13%, to $1.53 billion.
- Both net orders and net order value rose in each of the Company’s four regions.
- Company-wide, net orders per community averaged 5.4 per month, compared to 5.5 per month.
- The cancellation rate as a percentage of gross orders improved to 15% from 18%.
- The number of homes in ending backlog increased 2% to 5,927.
- Ending backlog value decreased to $2.17 billion from $2.24 billion, mainly due to the lower average selling price of the homes in backlog within the Company’s West Coast region.
- Average community count increased 17% to 252. Ending community count grew 21% to 255. The improvement in the Company’s average and ending community counts reflected increases in each of its four regions.
Balance Sheet as of May 31, 2019 (comparisons to November 30, 2018)
- The Company had total liquidity of $597.4 million, including cash and cash equivalents of $178.9 million and available capacity under its unsecured revolving credit facility of $418.5 million, with $50.0 million of cash borrowings outstanding under the facility.
- Cash and cash equivalents decreased by $395.5 million, mainly due to the Company’s repayment of all $230.0 million in aggregate principal amount of its 1.375% convertible senior notes at their February 1, 2019 maturity and cash used by operating activities.
- Operating activities used net cash of $180.3 million, primarily for investments in inventories.
- Inventories increased by $198.0 million, or 6%, to $3.78 billion.
- Investments in land acquisition and development totaled $782.8 million for the six months ended May 31, 2019, and lots owned or controlled increased to 54,752.
- Notes payable decreased by $205.7 million to $1.85 billion, primarily reflecting the above-mentioned repayment of convertible senior notes.
- In the first half of 2019, the Company extended its debt maturities through the repayment of all $400.0 million in aggregate principal amount of its 4.75% senior notes that were scheduled to mature on May 15, 2019 using $400.0 million of net proceeds from concurrent public senior notes offerings completed in the 2019 first quarter.
- The Company’s ratio of debt to capital of 45.8% improved 390 basis points from November 30, 2018 and 930 basis points from May 31, 2018. The ratio of net debt to capital increased 170 basis points to 43.3%.
Earnings Conference Call
The conference call to discuss the Company’s 2019 second quarter earnings will be broadcast live TODAY at 2:00 p.m. Pacific Time, 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time. To listen, please go to the Investor Relations section of the Company’s website at www.kbhome.com.
About KB Home
KB Home (NYSE: KBH) is one of the largest homebuilders in the United States, with more than 600,000 homes delivered since our founding in 1957. We operate in 38 markets in eight states, primarily serving first-time and first move-up homebuyers, as well as second move-up and active adults. We are differentiated in offering customers the ability to personalize what they value most in their home, from choosing their lot, floor plan, and exterior, to selecting design and décor choices in our KB Home Studios. In addition, our industry leadership in sustainability helps to lower the cost of homeownership for our buyers compared to a typical resale home. We take a broad approach to sustainability, encompassing energy efficiency, water conservation, healthier indoor environments, smart home capabilities and waste reduction. KB Home is the first national builder to have earned awards under all of the U.S. EPA’s homebuilder programs — ENERGY STAR®, WaterSense® and Indoor airPLUS®. We invite you to learn more about KB Home by visiting www.kbhome.com, calling 888-KB-HOMES, or connecting with us on Facebook.com/KBHome or Twitter.com/KBHome.
Forward-Looking and Cautionary Statements
Certain matters discussed in this press release, including any statements that are predictive in nature or concern future market and economic conditions, business and prospects, our future financial and operational performance, or our future actions and their expected results are “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and projections about future events and are not guarantees of future performance. We do not have a specific policy or intent of updating or revising forward-looking statements. Actual events and results may differ materially from those expressed or forecasted in forward-looking statements due to a number of factors. The most important risk factors that could cause our actual performance and future events and actions to differ materially from such forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to the following: general economic, employment and business conditions; population growth, household formations and demographic trends; conditions in the capital, credit and financial markets; our ability to access external financing sources and raise capital through the issuance of common stock, debt or other securities, and/or project financing, on favorable terms; the execution of any share repurchases pursuant to our board of directors’ authorization; material and trade costs and availability; changes in interest rates; our debt level, including our ratio of debt to capital, and our ability to adjust our debt level and maturity schedule; our compliance with the terms of our revolving credit facility; volatility in the market price of our common stock; weak or declining consumer confidence, either generally or specifically with respect to purchasing homes; competition from other sellers of new and resale homes; weather events, significant natural disasters and other climate and environmental factors; any failure of lawmakers to agree on a budget or appropriation legislation to fund the federal government’s operations, and financial markets’ and businesses’ reactions to that failure; government actions, policies, programs and regulations directed at or affecting the housing market (including the TCJA, the Dodd-Frank Act, tax benefits associated with purchasing and owning a home, and the standards, fees and size limits applicable to the purchase or insuring of mortgage loans by government-sponsored enterprises and government agencies), the homebuilding industry, or construction activities; changes in existing tax laws or enacted corporate income tax rates, including those resulting from regulatory guidance and interpretations issued with respect to the TCJA; changes in U.S. trade policies, including the imposition of tariffs and duties on homebuilding materials and products, and related trade disputes with and retaliatory measures taken by other countries; the adoption of new or amended financial accounting standards, including revenue recognition (ASC 606) and lease accounting standards, and the guidance and/or interpretations with respect thereto; the availability and cost of land in desirable areas; our warranty claims experience with respect to homes previously delivered and actual warranty costs incurred; costs and/or charges arising from regulatory compliance requirements or from legal, arbitral or regulatory proceedings, investigations, claims or settlements, including unfavorable outcomes in any such matters resulting in actual or potential monetary damage awards, penalties, fines or other direct or indirect payments, or injunctions, consent decrees or other voluntary or involuntary restrictions or adjustments to our business operations or practices that are beyond our current expectations and/or accruals; our ability to use/realize the net deferred tax assets we have generated; our ability to successfully implement our current and planned strategies and initiatives related to our product, geographic and market positioning, gaining share and scale in our served markets and in entering into new markets; our operational and investment concentration in markets in California; consumer interest in our new home communities and products, particularly from first-time homebuyers and higher-income consumers; our ability to generate orders and convert our backlog of orders to home deliveries and revenues, particularly in key markets in California; our ability to successfully implement our Returns-Focused Growth Plan and achieve the associated revenue, margin, profitability, cash flow, community reactivation, land sales, business growth, asset efficiency, return on invested capital, return on equity, debt to capital ratio and other financial and operational targets and objectives; income tax expense volatility related to stock-based compensation; the ability of our homebuyers to obtain residential mortgage loans and mortgage banking services; the performance of mortgage lenders to our homebuyers; the performance of KBHS Home Loans, LLC, our mortgage banking joint venture with Stearns Lending, LLC; information technology failures and data security breaches; and other events outside of our control. Please see our periodic reports and other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission for a further discussion of these and other risks and uncertainties applicable to our business.
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